Posts tagged national
Posts tagged national
Every political party in Parliament is responsible for the travesty of ignoring the Electoral Commission’s recommendations on MMP.
As National has revealed, each of them had an opinion on the major recommendations. The result was a patchwork of competing ideas.
The problem was not the differences, but that any of them thought they were entitled to views in the first place.
The views are in themselves a perfect illustration why politicians should have no role in electoral or constitutional matters. The mix of principle, ideological and self-survival is ugly. I feel sorry for the politicians - that they were even obliged to face such a conflict.
It’s ironic, because the political sector is obsessed with conflicts. David Shearer went to town on John Key’s conflicts over appointment of a head of GSCB.
Yet here they were, conflicted to all hell over whether to vote for changes to MMP that could affect their chance to govern, or even be in Parliament at all. Thus, Shearer could not commit to more than a “discussion” on the recommendations, because his Party was against, or at least ambivalent, toward some of the changes.
These are matters are for the people to decide. We decide who gets into Parliament to represent us on day to day national decisions, and we should be deciding how we do the voting.
We can’t let National off the hook by blaming the whole of Parliament for not accepting the Commission’s changes, or not putting the changes before us all to vote on in another referendum.
Judith Collins’ easy dismissal of the recommendations because it was too hard to get “consensus” (her newly invented requirement) makes a mockery of the apparent enthusiasm with which she had earlier urged the public to get involved with the review. John Key himself said the review was a chance for the public to “finally… kick the tyres on MMP”.
John Key’s ‘end of the matter’ attempt to shut down the recommendations was unedifying for a man previously so wedded to principled management to Government and treatment of public attitudes.
We did have some clues that National was not going to like the electoral commission recommendations. For example, in 2011, John Key said he did not think it was necessary to eliminate the “one seat rule”.
I would imagine that Key, in particular, preferred the embarrassment of shutting down the whole thing, to the embarrassment of picking up some of the recommendations and not others.
It’s easier for a turkey to ban all holidays, than ban just Christmas. That’s why politicians shouldn’t be forced into the ignominy of voting on electoral stuff at all.
A Washington Post analysis has shown why Governments find it so hard to cut budgets: they don’t really want to.
The Post examined the detail of spending cuts claimed by the US Government in April 2011 and concluded that the cuts were “an epic kind of Washington illusion”.
It found that about $17.4 billion in cuts were made by stopping activity that had already been canceled.
In the real world, in fact, many of their “cuts” cut nothing at all. The Transportation Department got credit for “cutting” a $280 million tunnel that had been canceled six months earlier. It also “cut” a $375,000 road project that had been created by a legislative typo, on a road that did not exist.
At the Census Bureau, officials got credit for a whopping $6 billion cut, simply for obeying the calendar. They promised not to hold the expensive 2010 census again in 2011.
Today, an examination of 12 of the largest cuts shows that, thanks in part to these gimmicks, federal agencies absorbed $23 billion in reductions without losing a single employee.
“Many of the cuts we put in were smoke and mirrors,” said Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R-S.C.), a hard-line conservative now in his second term. “That’s the lesson from April 2011: that when Washington says it cuts spending, it doesn’t mean the same thing that normal people mean.”
From my experience, there’s two different forces driving this outcome:
1) Governments want to appear to the public bold and decisive, so are prepared to include in their calculations things that aren’t real cuts.
2) Officials want to help the Government reach the target, so look for the easiest things to cut They don’t really want to go through real baseline reviews because they are hard work, cause pain, and hurt stuff that staff, peers and stakeholders don’t like.
These two forces effectively collude to ensure Government attempts to cut spending usually only suspend or temporarily lower, the year on year increase in the cost of government.
Aaron Gilmore, MP, was abandoned by people he should have been able to count on; his Party.
National should have counseled the relative newbie on the advantages of speedy public honesty. It should have helped him pick a factor from his behaviour that he could apologize for. Instead, it left the poor guy to be battered by the hypocrisy of the media and general public.
One of the strengths of conservative political parties is a tendency to protect its own. Against the combined power and fickleness of the public, you need to be able to count on your fellow Party members. John Key and National were surprisingly willing to throw a Party member to the mob just for getting tipsy and arrogant at a restaurant.
The Gilmore situation illustrates the difference between whether people will give you a break or not; whether they will say you were drunk and arrogant, or tired and emotional.
The two main factors are;
1) Whether people have a reason to think you’re okay, so behaviour can be excused, and /or
2) Are in a mood to make themselves feel better, or seek the favour of others, by criticizing you
Some lessons then:
I confess to feeling soiled by adding to the pile of views already expressed on this banal matter. Even raging against the hypocrisy doesn’t stop it. My general rule is that only silence helps.
But now I’ve used the situation to draw some political strategy lessons, I’d like to compensate by offering some perspective. Here is a random list of clumsy behaviour exhibited by politicians and media. It demonstrates that many of us, if not all, are prone to excess, slips and shifts in character.
Life without this sort of expression would be damnably dull.
Follow up 13/05/13
Aaron Gilmore has announced that he will resign from Parliament. It demonstrates that there’s few of us who can resist peer pressure. It’s a victory for righteous bullying and blame-culture.
Ironically, it’s NZF denting the Government’s economic credibility. We examine why.
Never mind all the side shows, National’s core popularity has been due to John Key’s economic ‘credibility’.
This has been built on three factors:
Labour has been unable to make public headway with criticism of National’s economic performance. Primarily because it, and its spokespeople, do not yet have a reputation for credibility.
Winston Peters does not have a reputation for financial credibility either. But he’s been going on about financial matters most of his career.
Now, fours years into a recession with no apparent end, the timing is right. People are beginning to wonder, after inconsequential Budgets, what National has done that matches responses in nations such as the UK and US.
Winston Peters has a private member’s bill to amend the Reserve Bank Act. It won’t pass, but it has spurred debate about whether the current Act is helping the economy. The appreciating strength of the New Zealand dollar has raised concerns about exports.
Winston’s Bill would have given the Reserve Bank Governor the ability to consider many economic factors when setting the official cash rate (OCR).
He claims that inflation has not been a problem for a long time, but a high dollar value has been - so should be a factor in setting an inflation target.
Labour backed Mr Peters’ bill. It also seems to be advocating more radical options, pointing to US, which is printing money to devalue its currency, and other nations putting in valuation caps.
Winston’s bill was, surprisingly, a conservative route to improve flexibility, contrasted with Labour’s more radical prescription.
The circumstances have allowed Winston to appear thoughtful, considered and - crucially - proactive. While the Government appears to say things are okay as they are, and Labour hopes for many things.
“Beneficiary bashing” has raised its meta-issue head again, so political parties can cement their identities.
National’s ‘new’ rules for beneficiaries have re-ignited the old debate over treatment of those on welfare. The political classes define themselves by whether they say the rules are about employment and responsibilities, or whether they say the rules are mean and unfair.
In recession politics, benefit arguments are not about facts or details. They’re about symbolism, acted out via polemic about attitudes to welfare.
For example, Labour knows there’s always rules about taking money from the State, and National knows there’s no jobs for people to be forced into.
National is not making the changes to save money, as none of these new rules are likely to be broken.
National is not really making the changes to stop poor behaviour, because of the 300,000 people covered, only a miniscule number of people are affected - probably only in the hundreds.
So why is National doing it, and why are Labour and the Greens complaining?
Because the beneficiary issue is actually about political identity.
Political symbolism requires statements of what you are against, and what you are for.
National is against “bludging” off the State. Labour is for helping people in need.
But we already knew that. So where is the political gain?
The gain is called ‘framing’: getting voters to side with one of the two competing ways being offered to view the situation - and thus to side with a political party.
For National, it’s important to hold their core, and a little of the middle ground. These voters dislike dislike non-triers, and bludgers, respectively.
Labour and the Greens also want to hold their core, especially given some recent instability within Labour. Rallying around ‘respect’ for beneficiaries is an easy touchstone.
National will hope that middle New Zealand sees the ‘new’ measures as fair tinkering that just insists on what ordinary people would do themselves if they were unemployed.
Labour will be hoping that although it might not gain votes from middle New Zealand, those voters will hear, and like, a message that Labour wouldn’t punish or hurt people in tough circumstances.
All Parties will succeed in labeling themselves. Job done, yet again.
Now, to move on, if any Party is brave and inventive enough, to win votes from the undecided middle ground.
By delaying partial asset sales to deal with Maori interests, National is burning off core voters.
When the issue of Maori claims on water arose, I mused that this may be the angle National needed to regain support from mainstream voters. I thought National could gain support from middle-New Zealanders peeved to see Maori interests dictating the matter.
To gain that support, National needed to be strident about its plan. By delaying for further negotiation and perhaps legal challenges, National now appears to core National voters, and some swinging voters, as having weakly given in to Maori interests.
This is politically dangerous because these voters were among the few people supportive, or at least agnostic, on partial asset sales.
National has now managed to annoy two very sizable chunks of voters: “nationalists” who are bothered by the idea of selling profitable assets to foreigners, and conservative white voters who don’t like giving in to ‘unjustified’ Maori claims.
Maybe National is making the only choice it can in the circumstances. Maybe it is the right choice. Key says the delay will provide certainty that should shore up the share price.
Either way, the announcement makes the asset sale programme look very tatty. At best it is a delay forced by not planning well. At worst it is a delay forced by lack of willpower.
It has been pointed out that the issue could be the crippling of National as the Foreshore and Seabed issue was for the Labour administration in 2003. The pundits forget that despite antagonising Maori, Labour saw out two more terms in power!
This delay is more reminiscent of a particular moment in Labour’s foreshore saga. In Christmas 2004 (I think) Helen Clark delayed a decision on the issue until the following year, hoping that the summer recess would defuse the heat. She was wrong, Labour came back to increased controversy.
Politicians love delay, but it only stalls the inevitable. The partial float delay is likely to give the public even more reasons to wish National had never thought of asset sales at all.
National’s spin phrase from the conference is: ‘determined’.
The word is out, National will no longer be a shrinking violet. National ‘knows’ its plan for the economy is good, so it will now be more determined to carry it out.
Over the past four years, National’s annual conference has tended to reinforce the theme of the year. These have varied from driving public service to hit targets and public private partnerships (PPPs), to the mixed ownership model for state assets.
This year there is no new economic theme or plan. This year National has decided to say that it really, really means all the stuff it’s previously announced.
It especially means it with asset sales, so will incentivise share purchases, and is especially keen on oil and gas exploration.
So the word ‘determined’ was spun between Ministers, MPs, delegates and media.
This is revealing in a number of ways:
1) National is trying to talk itself into a determined mindset. Which means it isn’t quite sure, or at least that it needs to jump start itself into this mindset.
2) National is acknowledging that it’s been too careful in the past about following through with plans. What the heck ever happened to PPPs?
3) After four years of strong polling, National is finally confident that it has public support, so is less bothered about upsetting its usual opponents.
Strategically, this is the best route. You either cringe your way to the next election, or do the things you think are right, and/or popular.
Two words of warning though;
The dispute over Maori water rights could be the best opportunity the NZ National Government has of winning over the public to asset sales.
Issues on the public agenda morph subtly over time. People start them and twist them to suit their arguments and objectives.
A skill of PR is to understand why this happens and what they could change into - and use that to political advantage.
A recent NZ example is the Bronwen Saunders ACC issue, in which a beneficiary of state accident welfare was mistakenly sent private details of other ACC clients. The issue shifted all over the place, and ended up twisted by Government opponents into being an example of ACC’s philosophy of ‘forcing’ people off welfare.
The sale of shares in state assets has just done the same thing. The dispute has been over the principle of whether State should sell assets, whether people supported it, and variations on whether the sale would work.
The sale is now being challenged through the Waitangi Tribunal, by Maori interest in water rights - as some of the assets are companies that own hydro dams.
Based on the false assumption that any controversy is bad, most pundits in the political class quickly fell into thinking the Maori dispute is a bad thing for National.
Opportunist political strategists might say the development couldn’t have been better.
Firstly, it’s a distraction.
National has failed to convince the public that the mixed ownership model is a good idea. Doubts have also been raised about whether there is enough discretionary investment money available among consumers to buy shares. Moving onto a deeper nationally divisive issue is a god-send.
Secondly, Mighty River Power could be turned into the biggest political “dog whistle” for forty years.
The Maori dimension gives National a chance to use the asset sales as a bold expression of the majority belief that the State owns and controls the nations assets.
The previous Prime Minister, Helen Clark, showed the popularity power of facing down Maori rights to Foreshore and Seabed. The vast majority of public believe water should not be owned, and is best overseen by the State.
Key is far more tentative than Helen Clark, because he doesn’t like getting offside with people, and because National still thinks it needs the Maori Party.
So he has taken it gently - saying it will consider the Tribunal conclusion, but is not bound by it.
Knowing its own constituency, the Maori Party is indignant and stroppy.
It’s hard to be sure that Key fully appreciates his core constituency. Until now he has operated on the basis that his constituency is every New Zealand citizen. Admirable, but hard to please.
An awkward stick in the spokes is that National gave Clark a hard time over her approach to the Foreshore issue, even though every National MP we knew then philosophically supported it. Never mind, the political past can be easily shrugged off.
National has the option of turning the sale of Might River Power into a vote-winning symbolic nose-thumbing at Maori interests. But it’s not John Key’s style. In which case, he may well lose public confidence over water rights and asset sales together.
Not content with plain packaging for cigarettes, the Government has decided to plain pack the 2012 Budget as well.
It’s packaging that isn’t going to make much difference, but it appeals to the unambitious austerity of the times.
There is no National branding, but everyone knows what is inside; no new money and awkward spending shifts that many people will notice.
The little cuts are what you would expect of a plain pack product: like changing primary school class sizes to reduce the number of teachers, cutting medicine funding by $2 per prescription, closing tax breaks for renting out holiday homes, removing the childcare, housekeeper and income-under-$9,880 tax credits.
But National has found even more corners to cut. For example, children will now pay income tax on part-time work outside of informal cash-in-hand work. The penny-pinching impact of this policy on middle New Zealand may prove the most politically destructive decision of the Budget.
These are all nips and tucks of a plain package product rather than bold or imaginative moves of a premium product.
Ironically, National has used the ‘old-style’ cigarette tax to claw back some of the tax revenue it is losing from falling economic activity.
National plain packaged this Budget to reduce political harm from the continued poor performance of the economy. But the intent is transparent, and the public is growing tired of penny-pinching.
If the Budget forecasts are not achieved next year, yet again, another plain pack Budget will not be enough.